The field is broken into four vertical zones
1. Attacking zone goes from the end line to 30 yards away from goal and sideline to sideline
2. Next is the midfield zone which is broken into two areas attacking midfield zone and defensive midfield zone why because roles are different in each.
3. The attacking zone is the same size and the defensive zone.
4. Next there are 5 horizontal channel starting with 2 wide channels which encompass the space of end line to end line vertically and horizontally sideline to the corner of the penalty box
5.. There are 2 internal channels vertically going from end line to end line and horizontally from the corner of the goal box to the corner of the penalty box
6. The final channel is the central channel vertically going from end line to end line and horizontally is the width of the goal box. In the next entry, the details of why the field is divided as such will be explained
For the team that wants to have control of the game by dominating possession, the team must understand the overload principle of attack. The attacking team must always outnumber the opponent around the ball. This allows the attacking team to maintain possession by outnumbering the defense around the ball. Outnumbering the defense around the ball causes the defense to decide to come to try to win the ball in that area of the field. If they come and the outnumbering becomes numbers even or numbers down for the attacking team around the ball they must find routes to a new area of the field to maintain possession. This type of possession leads to an unbalancing of the defensive shape which could lead to an attacking route to goal. The overload principle takes insight by all players, takes technical qualities that will allow players to play under pressure in tight spaces. The players must also be brave to hold the ball in any part of the field. The attacking overload principle is so much fun to watch. Remember this is a short explanation of the attacking overload principle. Take a look at this video below to see some examples of the attacking overload principle and a podcast I did on the Attacking overload principle.
In this section, the information will tie in the idea of how important the Attacking Overload Principle in regards to team shape has a direct effect on the Defensive Overload Principle. First, the Attacking Overload Principle is creating numbers up situations in the immediate space around the ball and having a second line of support to play away from the immediate space if the numerical advantage no longer exists. The overload around the ball allows for the immediate press of the ball upon losing possession. The numbers that are the second line of support provide players who can join the pressing action quickly without much ground they cover.
Next, the Defensive Overload Principle focuses on the restricting of space and setting traps to allow double and triple-teaming the ball. Looking at the diagram to the right you will see the field divided up into zones and channels which was explained in the first post of this page. The basic idea is if the opponent breaks the immediate press and the second line press the team must immediately react to getting behind the ball to cover the central channel and the interior channels setting traps to press the ball. There is so much more to cover but simply wanted to give the reader a glimpse into the thought process of the Defensive Overload Principle.
Here is a short video to show the Defensive Overload Principle if you watch closely you will see the covering of the zones and channels by the defending team. Also, there are moments for the double and trip team of the ball.